Antecedent-Behavior-Consequence (ABC) Assessment is a direct observation tool that can be used to collect information about the events that are occurring within a student’s environment. By examining the 3 components (antecedent, behavior, consequence) together the teacher can start to understand why the behavior happens. The assessment is used to organize information and provide a brief “snapshot” of what is going on when an individual engages in a particular behavior. The data aides in creating an action plan to prevent behaviors by eliminating the antecedent/triggers that lead up to the behavior/consequence. If the antecedents are eliminated, the behaviors are reduced. ABC data should be collects on an on-going basis to help determine if the behavior plan is working.
I created this Google Docs ABC Assessment to easily track and monitor my students’ behaviors.
Functional Behavior Assessment (FBA)
Functional Behavioral Assessment is a tracking tool designed used to identify recurring poor behaviors of a student in the classroom. The purpose of this process is to determine the disrupting behavior(s) and also try to find reasons as to when and why the behaviors occur.
Using Google Docs I designed a way to easily track the students’ behaviors.
Behavior Intervention Plans (BIP)
Once the FBA is complete, a Behavior Intervention Plan can be created. A BIP is created when a student’s behavior patterns are affecting their ability to learn. The purpose of a behavior plan is to identify what the student’s current behaviors are and determine how they can be changed. A BIP must identify the functions of a behavior and be able to identify possible replacement behaviors. Replacement behaviors need to be taught to the student and reinforced.